Pairs Skating Elements: Throw jumps
Before you go any further: read the singles jump guide first, because the jumps in pairs are the same as the jumps in singles, only with some extra fancy maneuvers.
Throw jumps are jumps where the male skater of the pair throws the female skater into a jump. They are abbreviated on protocols with a “Th” after the name of the jump. Each short program has one throw jump and each free program has two. There are six types of throw jumps, the same as in singles skating: toeloop (T), salchow (S), loop (Lo), flip (F), lutz (Lz), axel (A). Pairs are not allowed to do both a throw flip and lutz of the same number of revolutions in the same program. In elite senior level skating, triple throw jumps are the norm. Some teams have landed quad throws in competition.
As in singles skating, all throw jumps land on a backwards outside edge (usually on the right foot) and the only difference between the jumps is the entry. The axel is the only jump with a forward entry.
Throw triple toeloop (3TTh): Natasha takes off on the outside edge of her right foot; her left toepick taps into the ice as Mervin throws her.
Throw triple salchow (3STh): Qing takes off on the inside edge of her left foot as Jian throws her. Since the salchow is an edge jump, there is no toepick assistance. Notice her “knock-kneed” position prior to takeoff, characteristic of the salchow jump.
Throw triple loop (3LoTh): Tatiana takes off on the outside edge of her right foot without toepick assistance as Maxim throws her. Notice how her legs appear crossed prior to takeoff, characteristic of the loop jump.
Throw triple flip (3FTh): Aliona takes off on the inside edge of her left foot; her right toepick taps into the ice as Robin throws her.
Throw triple lutz (3LzTh): Meagan takes off on the outside edge of her left foot; her right toepick taps into the ice as Eric throws her. In throw flips and lutzes, one of the woman’s legs is between the legs of her partner during the setup for the jump.
Throw triple axel (3ATh): Rena takes off on the outside edge of her left foot as John throws her. The axel is easy to identify since it’s the only jump with a forward takeoff. Only a few teams have attempted the throw 3A; Inoue/Baldwin (as shown here) are the first team to perform one in international competition, at the 2006 Olympics.